View publication

In this paper, we investigate how the output representation of an end-to-end neural network affects multilingual automatic speech recognition (ASR). We study different representations including character-level, byte-level, byte pair encoding (BPE), and byte- level byte pair encoding (BBPE) representations, and analyze their strengths and weaknesses. We focus on developing a single end-to- end model to support utterance-based bilingual ASR, where speakers do not alternate between two languages in a single utterance but may change languages across utterances. We conduct our experiments on English and Mandarin dictation tasks, and we find that BBPE with penalty schemes can improve utterance-based bilingual ASR performance by 2% to 5% relative even with smaller number of outputs and fewer parameters. We conclude with analysis that indicates directions for further improving multilingual ASR.

Related readings and updates.

Integrating Categorical Features in End-To-End ASR

All-neural, end-to-end ASR systems gained rapid interest from the speech recognition community. Such systems convert speech input to text units using a single trainable neural network model. E2E models require large amounts of paired speech text data that is expensive to obtain. The amount of data available varies across different languages and dialects. It is critical to make use of all these data so that both low resource languages and high…
See paper details

Class LM and Word Mapping for Contextual Biasing in End-to-End ASR

In recent years, all-neural, end-to-end (E2E) ASR systems gained rapid interest in the speech recognition community. They convert speech input to text units in a single trainable Neural Network model. In ASR, many utterances contain rich named entities. Such named entities may be user or location specific and they are not seen during training. A single model makes it inflexible to utilize dynamic contextual information during inference. In this…
See paper details